When a brand makes a statement that it is cruelty-free, an important criterion it has to meet is that it DOES NOT sell in China.
Why is this so?
Till date, China requires mandatory animal testing to be conducted on all foreign cosmetics that are sold there. This means that popular international brands that are currently sold in China must undergo animal testing.
Before we dive into the animal testing laws in India, here is an Act with which we need to get acquainted – The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940. This Act of the Parliament of India regulates the manufacture, distribution, and import of cosmetics and drugs in India. Its primary aim is to ensure that the drugs and cosmetics sold in India are safe, effective, and meet standards of quality as established by the Act.
Another name to remember is CPCSEA, or The Committee for the Purpose of Supervision of Experiments on Animals. This body, formed under Section 15(1) of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, is responsible for ensuring that ‘animals are not subjected to unnecessary pain or suffering before, during or after performance of experiments on them’.